A winter storm occurs when there is significant precipitation and the temperature is low enough that precipitation forms as sleet or snow, or when rain turns to ice. A winter storm can range from freezing rain and ice, to moderate snowfall over a few hours, to a blizzard that lasts for several days. Many winter storms are accompanied by dangerously low temperatures. (source)
Pitt's Extreme Weather Policy
Pitt will remain open in all but the most extreme circumstances. However, all Pitt employees and students are urged to use their own discretion in deciding whether they can safely commute to class or to work.
Preparing for a Winter Storm
- Be alert to changing weather conditions by monitoring local news and weather outlets for updates and instructions.
- Gather emergency supplies. This could include non-perishable food items, bottled water, flashlights, batteries, and first-aid kits.
- Make specifics plans for how you will avoid driving. If driving will be absolutely necessary, ensure that your car is stocked with emergency supplies.
During a Winter Storm
- Avoid driving if possible. If driving is absolutely necessary, use extra precaution on the roads.
- If the power goes out, close off unused rooms to retain heat. Wear layers and use blankets and sleeping bags to keep warm.
- NEVER use a generator, grill, camp stove, or charcoal burning device inside or in any partially enclosed area to heat your home. NEVER heat your home with a stove.
- Limit your time outdoors. If you must be outside, wear several layers of loose fitting, lightweight, warm clothing, rather than one heavy layer. Wear mittens; they are warmer than gloves. Wear a hat and a scarf, covering your ears and mouth to help prevent the loss of body heat.
After a Winter Storm
- Driving conditions may still be dangerous. If you must drive, use caution.
- If you go outside, dress warm to prevent frostbite and hypothermia.
- Be aware of overhead hazards such as broken tree limbs and ice.
- Be careful on snowy, icy walkways.
Frostbite: When the skin and body tissue just beneath it freezes. First, your skin becomes very cold and red, and then numb, hard and pale. Extremities such as fingers, toes, ears, nose and other areas of the face are most susceptible to frostbite.
What to do: Cover exposed skin and seek medical help immediately. Do not rub the area.
Hypothermia: Dangerously low body temperature. Signs include uncontrollable shivering, memory loss, disorientation, slurred speech, drowsiness.
What to do: Take the person's temperature. If it is below 95˚F, seek medical attention right away. Carefully move the person into a warm location. Remove wet clothing and wrap the person in layers of blankets until medical help arrives.